It was founded by the Rathore clan chief, Rao Jodha. Jodhpur is one of the most developed and flourishing city in Rajasthan. It has a sound industrial base. Due to the close proximity to the desert area, the climate here is mostly dry and arid. The rainy season is brief from June to September. Extreme temperature is recorded in the summer months spanning from March to October. However, the monsoon months do bring some respite but the rain is very scanty. April, May, and June are very hot months when the temperature exceeds 40 degree Celsius. As per the 2011 census, the population in the city was 10, 33,918.
Local markets and bazaars grab the attention of the tourists. Mehrangarh Fort is a magnificent Fort and happens to be one of the largest in the State too. The mystic city looks blue in colour from the aerial view due to the prominent colour given to the buildings. Wider and cleaner roads make the city beautiful. Proper landscaping in the sides of the roads is another beauty. The bustling and energetic Sardar Market and Clock Tower are areas with maximum footfall for enjoying street food and other eating joints. It is well-connected due to the presence of rail-road network.
Since the city is close to the desert, the life of the people living here is impacted with Gypsy or Banjara-type living. Several tribes are settled across the city. The authentic food of the city is very popular and the major attractions are Mawa kachori and Mirchi bada. Marwari is the popular language spoken here and people love to dress in their authentic attire. As a mark of respect in Marwari language, people are greeted with “sa” postfix to their names. The culture of the city is clearly visible through the streets in Sadar Bazaar, Tripoliya Market, and Nai-Sarak Market. These places are close to each other and hence are easily accessible for the tourists who wish to indulge in hopping around the city.
Popular for the Kathputli show and Ghoomar Dance, the city has several spots where people can enjoy the same. Lac Bangles in Jodhpur are easily available in the shops and the streets. The colourful bangles and mehndi designs catch the attention of the foreigners. Festivals celebrated here are Holi, Diwali, Gangaur, Makar Sakranti, Teej, Eid, and Christmas.
The history of Jodhpur dates back to the period when it was inhabited by the Rathore Clan. The city was founded by Rao Jodha in 1459. Jodha secured the surrounding kingdoms also and the name given was Marwar. The city is strategically placed in the road linking Gujarat and Delhi. Copper, opium, silk, sandalwood is some of the goods which are easily traded. After the death of Rao, the kingdom was seized by the Mughal Emperor Akbar. The mother of Emperor Shah Jahan was a princess of Jodhpur. Maharaja Jaswant Singh became a notable general and paved the way for progress in the city. Mughal Empire declined in 1707 and Marathas exhibited their interference in the State.
Jodhpur is known to attract a lot of tourists due to the presence of places of interest. Some of the frequented places by the tourists are Mehrangarh Fort, Jaswant Thada, Umaid Bhawan Palace, Mandore Garden, Khejarla Fort, Flying Fox, and several hotels and resorts.
Mehrangarh Fort is located hill top of 412 feet and is surrounded by huge walls. It is one of the largest forts in the country. The fort houses a museum which has a magnificent collection of royal curios of the Kings. It was built by Rao Jodha is 1459. Jaswant Thada is built of marble and is a treat to the eyes. Umaid Bhawan is voted as one of the best hotels in the world.
Kaylana Lake is also frequented by the tourists. Chamunda Mata Temple is located close to Mehrangarh Fort. Ganesh Temple and ISKCON temple are also very popular.
Authentic Rajasthani food consists of Dal Bati Churma which is easily available in the foods joints across the city. Kachoris of different types like Pyaz and mawa are also very popular. Gate ki subzi, mirchi ki kutii, sangri subzi are some of the other delicacies which the tourists can indulge in. Ghewar is also a popular sweet dish which can be easily found in the city of Jodhpur. Motichur ke laddo and Aate ka halwa is also favourite sweet dish in the city.
Rajasthan International Folk Festival is a place where the tourists should go if they happen to be visiting the city during that time. Other fairs also adorn the city from time to time and are good options for the people to visit. Shopping is another good indulgence for the tourists. They can shop for handicrafts and precious gems. The city has developed plush malls also where locals and tourists can visit to spend some relaxed time.
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